Ginekolog Issues Faced By Women Such As Kondilomi And The Role Of Ultrazvuk Trudnoca.

Ginekolog is the branch of medicine which deals with health care for women, especially the diagnosis and treatment involving the disorders of the reproductive organs. As the advancements in medicine increase, ginekolog these days refers to the health problems of the female related to menstrual disorders, infectious diseases such as kondilomi, maldevelopment of the reproductive organs, disturbances in the sex hormones, tumor formation which may be benign or in some cases malignant, menopause and the use of contraceptive devices. A sub branch of ginekolog deals with infertility. This is called reproductive medicine, which utilizes artificial insemination. A human egg is harvested and fertilized (fusion with sperm) in a test tube and then implanted into the womb. Some gynaecologists practice obsterics as well.

This field is basically the surgical specialty which deals with the health care of women and their children during trudnoca, childbirth and the pueperism. With the onset of trudnoca after conception, the ginekolog state of a woman changes immediately. The body starts secreting a hormone in the urine known as the hCG which stands for human Chorionic Gonadotropin. After the confirmation of trudnoca, the pregnant female chooses a ginekolog specialist and refers to her incase of any problems related to this 37 to 42 week gestation period. In later months, the doctor advises ultrazvuk u trudnoci to keep a check on the health of the baby. Periodic ultra sound dates are set to gauge the positioning of the baby, its health and weight as the weeks progress and the circumference of its head. Many other tests are also carried out during trudnoca, to check for any fetal abnormalities.

These tests include the amniocentesis test that is carried out by obtaining a sample of skin cells of the baby through the amniotic fluid around the baby encased in the baby bag. With the advancements in ultrazvuk u trudnoci, a three dimensional image of the fetus inside can also be obtained. In fact, colored ultrasound techniques during pregnancy are also available now. This technique is better able to demonstrate the condition of the baby inside so the doctor can take necessary steps in case of any problem. Other ginekolog issues faced by women included the sexually transmitted diseases. One of such diseases is the kondilomi, which are genital warts also known as condyloma. Such STDs are transmitted during sexual intercourse.

This is one of the most common sexually transmitted disease in the world this is because the symptoms for kondilomi may not appear for several years on the victim. When the symptoms do appear, they are in the form of small lesions, pink in color and appear in the genetalia, the anal area and internal in the upper vagina. Human Papillomavirus(HPV) is known to cause genital warts. It has been discovered that genital cancers have some link with HPV hence it is always advised to practice safe sex because of the severity of the diseases caused by sexual transmission. Poverty stricken people, minimum health education and promiscuous practices are all leading causes of such diseases.

Vaginal Deliveries

Recovery time from a vaginal delivery is usually shorter than the recovery time from a Cesarean section. But sometimes it can take a while, especially if you’ve experienced any lacerations or tears.

The perineum, or the region between the vagina and rectum, is vulnerable to tearing during delivery. Some studies show that women are more likely to tear during their first vaginal delivery, probably because this is the first time the area has been stretched to that degree. But whether it’s your first or your tenth, delivery technique can make a huge difference. One study revealed that if normal, spontaneous vaginal deliveries are unrushed and occur in a controlled setting with a nurse, doctor, or midwife guiding the pushing process, there is a lower risk of obstetrical trauma. Many health experts recommend perineal massage in the weeks prior to delivery as a way to lower the chances of tearing. Unfortunately, some women experience tears despite their own best efforts and the efforts of their health care professional.

Tears and Lacerations

Tears and lacerations vary in severity and are classified accordingly:

• First-degree tears are surface tears that involve the skin of the perineum and the vaginal connective tissue, usually near the vaginal opening. No muscles are involved. Healing time for first-degree tears is rapid, and women usually experience little discomfort. Stitches may or may not be required.

• Second-degree tears are deeper tears that involve the skin, connective tissue, and underlying muscles. Second-degree tears almost always require stitches, and healing time can vary. Most often, the stitches will dissolve on their own. Some women report feeling fine in a matter of weeks, others complain of experiencing pain for longer periods of time.

• Third-degree tears are more severe and involve the skin, connective tissue, and the external anal sphincter muscle, the muscle that you can squeeze to stop yourself from going to the bathroom.

• Fourth-degree tears are the most severe and can involve a tear through both the internal and external anal sphincter muscles and lining of the bowel. These tears often result in the loss of anal sphincter control, as well as fecal urgency and/or incontinence.

While third- and fourth-degree perineal tears are not common, they can happen to anyone. There are a few risk factors which may increase the chances:

• Larger babies

• Occiput posterior deliveries (baby is sunny-side up, or delivered faceup, instead of facedown)

• Nulliparity (delivery of first babies)

• Extended second stage of labor, or if the pushing stage lasts longer than an hour

• Midline episiotomies — unfortunately, some women end up tearing further than the controlled incision

• Forceps delivery

Third- and fourth-degree lacerations can be extremely painful and may interfere with all sorts of activities, including intercourse, for quite some time after delivery. Many women find going to the bathroom, especially having a bowel movement, a huge challenge. One woman with a third-degree tear told me that having bowel movements after her delivery was worse than the actual delivery itself.

The pain can persist for months after the baby arrives. A thorough follow-up is very important, so make sure that you see your health care professional several times after the delivery. Your doctor should examine the area and make sure the anorectal area is functioning properly. For many women, the pain and discomfort will subside within a few months and normal activities, including sex, can be resumed.

Some moms experience uncontrollable gas and/or fecal incontinence down the line. These problems should be brought to the attention of your physician immediately. In some cases, additional treatment may be necessary.

Episiotomies

An episiotomy is a controlled surgical incision made in the perineal area (between the vagina and rectum), prior to the delivery. In the past, the episiotomy was used routinely in order to lower the risk of vaginal tears during deliveries. But because newer studies have shown that these routine episiotomies have no real benefit for the mother, and may actually worsen the outcome and prolong healing time, episiotomies are becoming less common. In fact, several studies reveal that more severe lacerations were associated with the occurrence of an episiotomy.

Despite the new research about episiotomies, some women still get them. And it’s certainly true that in some cases, an episiotomy may be necessary, especially if the baby presents in an unusual position or is overly large; it may also be necessary if the doctor needs to speed up the delivery for health or medical reasons pertaining to the mom and/or the baby.

Recovery from an episiotomy is a lot like the recovery from a tear; it all depends on the extent of the cut or laceration. For most women, the pain and tenderness will subside significantly in one to two months. If a woman experiences a serious tear in addition to the surgical incision, recovery time may be prolonged.

C-section

The recovery from a Cesarean section, or the delivery of a baby through an abdominal incision, varies from woman to woman. In general, recovery time tends to be longer than the time it takes to recover from a normal, vaginal delivery, unless, of course, a severe tear or laceration is involved.

Right off the bat, the incision site will most likely be sore, although some women report that their incision feels numb and tingly. The pain will gradually subside and the numbness should lessen as well (although I’ve spoken to a few women who never fully regained total sensation in that area). Many women also complain of itchiness around the scar during the healing process. If the itchiness becomes intolerable, speak with your health care provider for options. Some doctors will recommend soothing creams, but others do not, so it’s important to get his/her opinion.

Some women who have had a C-section complain of cramps caused by the buildup of gas in the abdomen after surgery. Walking around or light exercise can help. This will usually go away within the first few days post-surgery, but it can linger, especially if you are not moving at all. Speak with your health care professional if it becomes a problem.

Don’t be shocked by the way the incision looks! For many women, seeing a dark red scar on the abdomen can be upsetting. But remember, it fades with time (and will likely look a whole lot better in six to eight weeks) and most doctors make the incision low enough that your pubic hair will eventually cover it.

Certain activities may be difficult right after a C-section; even coughing, sneezing, and laughing can be uncomfortable. Lifting anything heavy is out of the question, and it will be a while before you can have sex again. You also may need to wait to drive a car, especially if you experience pain buckling your seat belt or getting in and out of the car. Getting up and moving are important parts of the healing process, but you shouldn’t expect to run a marathon.

Here’s a good piece of advice: Don’t overdo it! Oftentimes, women don’t seem to realize that they have just had major abdominal surgery and they feel frustrated that they are unable to move around freely or lift heavy things. One woman I spoke to complained that the stairs in her house posed a major challenge. Another woman was upset that she was in too much pain to be able to cook for her older child. It normally takes an average of six to eight weeks to recover completely from a Cesarean, and for some women it can take several months.

Here are a few more tips to help speed your recovery from a C-section:

• Accept help. As simple as it sounds, it can make a world of difference. Many women are used to doing everything themselves. But this is not the time to be superwoman. Husbands, siblings, parents, friends, and even in-laws make great helpers. If they offer, take them up on it!

• Take it nice and slowly. Many women feel okay by that six-to-eight-week mark, but if you’re not among them, don’t do anything that makes you uncomfortable. Overexerting yourself can actually prolong the healing process.

• Don’t neglect your bowels. If you’re taking pain medications, be aware that certain types can cause constipation, which in itself can become a serious problem. Make sure that your bowel movements are regular, and if this starts to become an issue, speak with your health care provider. Stool softeners and laxatives might be necessary.

• Accept the mess. With tons of foot traffic through your home and visits from your extended family, your house may get messy. But you’re recovering, so leave it. This is a great opportunity to ask your mother-in-law to help clean up. Even if the mess causes you stress, it’s better to leave it for someone else to handle than for you to overexert yourself. Believe me, there will be many messes in the future you can dirty your hands with!

The above excerpt is a digitally scanned reproduction of text from print. Although this excerpt has been proofread, occasional errors may appear due to the scanning process. Please refer to the finished book for accuracy.

Cigarette Smoking Is Harmful To Your Health

From the side of the world where I call my sweet home, all cigarette packets have these words in bold “Cigarette smoking is harmful to your health”.

But what I have never understood is why some one with a sane mind wants to continue harming their health.

Although if there were not smokers, the economy of the country would be affected greatly, health issues must be personally crucial.

One thing that hurts greatly is the fact that those who smoke nowadays are young women and men should be healthy mothers and fathers of tomorrow.

What is more, many of the people who smoke are also alcohol abusers a thing that adds up to their health risks.

Why do people smoke?

If you asked different smokers why they do it yet the producing company warn of the dangers involved, they will give you many reasons.

However those I happened to ask gave some of these reasons:

Names not real

Eric who is a teenager said that if he does not smoke, then his peers would not consider him a male stallion with vitality and class. He gave the same reasons for extravagant clubbing and drinking. As he put it, smoking and drinking is part of having fun with friends as young as you.

When I heard Sammy, a family man coughing like a tuberculosis patient I requested to know why he continued smoking. He said that cigarette smoking takes you to another world with no piles of unpaid bills, without loneliness or frequent fights with your wife. For him, a puff is like being in a tranquil spirit that does not bother about the hardships of this modern life.

Shirley is a lady who said that smoking and drinking is just but a means of experiencing life from both sides. In other words if her male counterpart can do something, then she can do it better. Moreover, she confirms that a woman who smokes appears tough and untouchable from the outside and it is hard for her to be taken advantage of.

So I concluded that smoking is rampant because someone wants to have fun, show off, and fit in among the peers, escape real world problems among much other stuff.

A smoking addiction means a person has formed an irrepressible dependence on cigarettes to the point where stopping smoking would cause severe emotional, mental, or physical reactions.

Harms of cigarette smoking

As the producer says, cigarette smoking could damage most of your internal organs, cause cancer and death. Read what can happen to your beautiful and healthy:

Eyes

Chemicals in tobacco cause harm to the macula -the most sensitive part of the retina, the back of the eye. Minute blood vessels can rupture through the macula, leading to permanent harm.

Reliable recent research states that there is a strong association between smoking and a number of common eye diseases, including age- related macular deterioration, glaucoma and cataract.

Smoking causes morphological and functional changes to the lens and retina due to its atherosclerotic and thrombosis effects on the ocular capillaries.

Also, it improves the creation of free radicals and reduces the levels of antioxidants in the blood circulation, aqueous humor and ocular tissue. Eventually, constant smoking may continue more harm and front a permanent blindness.

Mouth and esophagus

Smoking is a risk factor for all cancers associated with the larynx, oral cavity and esophagus. Serious cases, makes it difficult for one to swallow solid food because these parts kind of shrinks.

read more information on the site below.